Timeline of the history of women’s suffrage

Timeline and narrative of events in Nashville during the summer of 1920

Annotated bibliography

Adams, Katherine H., Michael L Keene. Alice Paul and the American suffrage campaign. Urbana : University of Illinois Press c2008

The Alice Paul Institute. <> Site index page: “The Alice Paul Institute is a not-for-profit 501(c)3 corporation based in Mount Laurel, New Jersey. It was founded in 1984 by a group of dedicated volunteers to commemorate the centennial of Alice Paul’s 1885 birth and to further her legacy. The organization was operated by volunteers for more than a decade. Today, four staff members, as well as volunteers, oversee the daily business and special events at Paulsdale.” The website contains a great deal of biographical and other information about Alice Paul.

Baker, Jean. Votes for women : the struggle for suffrage revisited. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press 2002

Barnes, Paul Barnes 1951-; Ken Burns 1953-; Ronnie Gilbert; Jule Harris; Sally Kellerman; Geoffrey C Ward. Not for ourselves alone [electronic resource] : the story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony. American Lives Film Project.; Florentine Films.; Paramount Home Video (Firm); PBS Home Video.; WETA-TV (Television station : Washington, D.C.)

Bland, Sidney R. New Life in an Old Movement: Alice Paul and the Great Suffrage Parade of 1913 in Washington, D. C. Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C. Vol. 71/72, The 48th separately bound book (1971/1972) (pp. 657-678)

Camhi, Jane Jerome. Women against women : American anti-suffragism, 1880-1920. Brooklyn, N.Y. : Carlson Pub. 1994.

Catt, Carrie Chapman (1859-1947), Nettie Rogers Shuler 1865-1939, joint author.Woman suffrage and politics; the inner story of the suffrage movement, Seattle, University of Washington Press 1969, c1926. This is not so much a history as Carrie Chapman Catt’s story with her point of view. Readers should be suspicious not just of her point of view — which is often impressionistic rather than based on any real research — but also as to what is left out. For instance, there are only two references to Alice Paul and no mention of the National Woman’s Party. Catt may have honestly believed that they are of no significance to the history of the suffrage movement. If so, that in itself speaks volumes. Still, Catt has provided much valuable information about the workings of the suffrage movement.

Clements, Kendrick A., Eric A Cheezum, Woodrow Wilson, Washington, D.C. : CQ Press c2003.

Cooney, Robert P. J. Winning the Vote: The Triumph of the American Woman Suffrage Movement. The book’s website describes this book as follows: “Winning the Vote captures the color and excitement of a central, inspiring, but largely unknown chapter in American history. This hefty, beautifully designed book presents the woman suffrage movement clearly and chronologically, with emphasis on the remarkable personalities and turbulent political campaigns of the early 20th century. Nearly 1,000 photographs, posters, and leaflets – plus portraits of suffrage leaders both white and black and including several men – illustrate the movement’s fascinating 72-year history. Large format photographs and a fast paced text highlight key developments between 1848 and 1920, including over 50 state electoral campaigns and the final controversial drive for the 19th amendment, ratified in 1920.” American Graphic Press.

Flexner, Eleanor, Ellen Fitzpatrick. Century of Struggle: The Woman’s Rights Movement in the United States. Cambridge, Mass. and London, England: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press (enlarged edition), 1959, 1975, 1996. Flexner’s work is one of the relatively few studies of the entire sweep of the woman suffrage movement in America. Flexner’s mother, Anne Crawford Flexner, was a playwright and active in the suffrage movement of her time. Anne Flexner had marched in the New York suffrage parades, an event that the author vividly recalls. Flexner, a political activist in her own time, writes with a definite point of view about the woman suffrage movement. She cheers the suffs and disparages the antis. Still, she had done a serviceable job in putting the facts of the suffrage movement together.

Graham, Sara Hunter. Woman suffrage and the new democracy. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press c1996.

Green, Elna. Southern strategies : southern women and the woman suffrage question. NetLibrary, Inc. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press c1997.

Harvey, Sheridan. Marching for the Vote: Remembering the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913. The Library of Congress > Information Bulletin> March 1998;

Her Story Scrapbook <>, a website filled with information and resources about the debate over women’s suffrage. About page: “The HerStory Scrapbook includes more than 900 articles, letters, and editorials, published by The New York Times from 1917 to 1920, about the women who were fighting for, and against, the right to vote.” Also included are biographies of Carrie Chapman Catt and Alice Paul and a bibliolgraphy.

Hill, Jeff. Women’s suffrage. Detroit, MI : Omnigraphics, Inc. c2006.

Jablonsky, Thomas J. The home, heaven, and mother party : female anti-suffragists in the United States, 1868-1920. Brooklyn, N.Y. : Carlson Pub. 1994.

Lunsden, Linda J. “Beauty and the Beasts: Significance of Press Coverage of the 1913 National Suffrage Parade.” Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 77:3, Autumn 2000, 593-611.

Lumsden, Linda J. Inez : the life and times of Inez Milholland. Bloomington : Indiana University Press c2004.

Lumsden, Linda J. Rampant women : suffragists and the right of assembly. Knoxville : University of Tennessee Press c1997 1st ed.

National Film Preservation Foundation. On to Washington (1913). A short film with commentary about the General Rosalie Jones pilgrimage of marchers from New York to Washington.

Pietrusza David. 1920 : the year of the six presidents. New York : Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2007 1st Carroll & Graf ed.

Pollak, Ruth; Susan Sarandon 1946-; Patty Stern; A. C Warden; Felicia M Widman. One woman, one vote [electronic resource]. Educational Film Center (Annandale, Va.); PBS Video. Alexandria, VA : PBS Video distributor, c1995
Contains film of the March 3, 1912 suffrage march in Washington, D.C.

Scott, Anne Firor Scott, Andrew MacKay Scott. One Half of the People: The Fight for Woman Suffrage. Philadelphia : Lippincott 1975

Tennessee State Library and Archives, “Remember the Ladies!”: Women Struggle for an Equal Voice, online exhibit exhibit. Information and photos of the ratification fight in Tennessee in 1920.

Tickner, Lisa. The spectacle of women : imagery of the suffrage campaign, 1907-14. Chicago : University of Chicago Press 1988.

Tumulty, Joseph P. Woodrow Wilson as I know him. Garden City, N.Y., and Toronto, Doubleday, Page & company 1921

United States Senate. Suffrage Parade. Hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on the District of Columbia, part 1, March 4-17, 1913 (retrieved from Google Books:

Walton, Mary. A woman’s crusade : Alice Paul and the battle for the ballot. New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2010 1st ed.

Wheeler, Marjorie Spruill. Votes for women! : the woman suffrage movement in Tennessee, the South, and the nation. Knoxville : University of Tennessee Press c1995 1st ed.

Yellin, Carol Lynn; Janann Sherman; Ilene J Cornwell, The perfect 36 : Tennessee delivers woman suffrage. Memphis, TN : Serviceberry Press : Vote 70, Inc. c1998 1st ed..

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