Journalism on the web, starting with just journalism
Teach the basics of journalism — reporting, writing, presentation; they’re much the same on the web as they are in any other medium, but there are important differences that you should introduce:
- lateral reporting
We are used to thinking of journalism in a certain form. If it’s a newspaper, it’s an inverted pyramid news story. If it’s television, it’s a 45-second package with video (or something). The web offers the flexibility to tell and expand a story in many ways. What pictures and images can be gathered for the story? Are there graphics that can be produced? Are there documents (PDFs) that need to be included? What are the links that are most important for this story?
Lateral reporting (excerpt from Writing for the Mass Media)
- backpack journalism
Backpack journalism is a reporting technique in which a reporter uses a variety of tools — computer, digital camera, voice recorder, video camera, etc. — to gether information for a story.
- web packages
An important consideration for the web journalist: what is the best way to present the information I have gathered.
A web package is the gathering together of a variety of formats (usually on a single web page, but not always) to tell a story. One element of the package is often the central part of the story, but readers should find it obvious and easy to find any part of the story they wish to read or look at.
An individual blog is a personal journal.
A group blog is a blog that has several contributors. The New York Times, for instance, has a number of group blogs:
Group blogs are common outside of journalism. For instance, Murderati, the group blog of a set of mystery novelists. Group blogs have a lot of power with an audience.
- new story forms:
tipsheet journalism: Mahalo.com, for instance
Amy Gahran, “Tipsheet Approach to News: The Launching Point IS the Point.” Article argues that sometimes all you need to do for a story is a list, not a narrative. “News doesn’t always have to be a finished story. In some cases, a launching point might be even more intriguing and engaging.”
twitter: 140 characters including a link
- linking and link journalism
Part of the reporter’s job is to point readers to the best information available about a subject. A reporter may have to sort through many links to find one or two that would worth the time of the reader.
The concept of link journalism is being carried forward to where entire web sites are built mainly of links surround a particular topic.
Josh Korr, “Nervous About Link Journalism? Ignore Web’s ‘Cesspool’ And Tap Its ‘Natural Spring’, “ Publishing2.
Mindy McAdams, “‘Curation,’ and journalists as curators,” Teaching Online Journalism.
Daniel Victor, “Crowdsourcing can lead newspapers through buyout blues,” ByDaniel Victor.com, part 1 of three parts.
Josh Korr, “Crowdsourcing, citizen journalism, and the lesson of scrapbook news,” Publishing2
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Tags: basics, online journalism